Opening the schoolhouse door
There are humanitarian reasons for Gov. Peter Shumlin to answer President Barack
Obamaís call for help with the Central American refugees who have flocked to the U.S. in recent months. But taking in school-age children, especially on a long-term basis, also could help him with one of the perceived problems with Vermontís education system.
Our schools have room for thousands more students throughout the state. We could try to fill them by welcoming
these children into our state and into our schools. It wouldnít reduce our overall education cost, but it would lower per-pupil spending, which some see as the test of affordability.
Regardless of what happens with these particular children, Montpelier really needs to start seeing the stateís excess school capacity as an asset rather than a liability. Vermontís school enrollment has been declining for more than a decade, and evidently most political leaders assume itís an irreversible trend. Their only answer to rising per-pupil costs seems to be to cut spending by consolidating or closing schools.
But another way to reduce the per-pupil cost is to increase the number of students. Vermontís overall education costs have been remarkably steady. As a percentage of all state and local government revenue, education spending essentially has been flat for 20 years. In 1992, it was 37 percent of state and local revenue; in 2012, it was 36 percent. Per-pupil spending has risen largely because the number of students has dropped. We could turn that around with an influx of young families.
Vermont does put a lot of resources into its public school system and gets better results than most other states. The state consistently ranks in the top 10 in student performance, and for the past couple of years weíve had one of the highest high school graduation rates in the country. Rather than plan for downsizing our public school system, we should look for ways to market our excess capacity and high quality to young families around the country and around the world.
The children from Central America could be a start. And itís not only school-age children we need, but also more young adults. Rather than simply house these refugees from Guatemala and Honduras until they can be deported, maybe the governor could find a way to help their families settle here to start to rebuild Vermontís labor force. Who knows? One of these kids might create the next Cherry Garcia or Heady Topper when she grows up.
Jack Hoffman is an analyst for the Public Assets Institute in Montpelier.