• Obama, African leaders confront continent’s crises
    By JULIE PACE
    and DARLENE SUPERVILLE
    the associated press | August 07,2014
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    President Barack Obama waves during the official family photo at the US African Leaders Summit, Wednesday at the State Department in Washington.
    WASHINGTON — President Barack Obama called on African nations Wednesday to forcefully tackle health crises, security challenges and government corruption that could stymie the continent’s economic progress, as he concluded an unprecedented summit.

    The summit, aimed in part at cultivating an Obama legacy on a continent where his family ties run deep, also marked a rare return to Washington for former President George W. Bush, who launched a $15 billion HIV/AIDS initiative while in office and has made public health issues in Africa a priority since leaving the White House.

    Bush’s institute partnered with first lady Michelle Obama to host a daylong event for spouses of the African leaders.

    “There’s not many things that convince me to come back to Washington,” said Bush, who now lives in Dallas and steers clear of politics. “The first lady’s summit, of course, is one.”

    While Obama has continued Bush’s signature AIDS program, he has also been seeking his own legacy-building Africa initiatives. This week’s U.S.-Africa summit is seen as a cornerstone of that effort, bringing together leaders from about 50 countries for three days of talks.

    A centerpiece of the conference was an effort to recast the U.S. economic relationship with Africa away from humanitarian aid and toward more equal economic partnerships. Obama announced $33 billion in new U.S. commitments, mostly from the private sector, to boost investment in Africa, home to six of the world’s 10 fastest-growing economies.

    Yet the summit’s final day of discussions underscored the challenges that could undermine that economic growth. African nations are still struggling with the HIV epidemic, malaria, and the current outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus. Government corruption remains a persistent problem. And a surge in violent extremism, particularly in North Africa and the Sahel region, has sparked international concern.

    While Obama vowed that the U.S. would be a strong partner in tackling those issues, he emphasized a need for Africa to take the lead, particularly on the security front.

    “Today we can focus on how we can continue to strengthen Africa’s capacity to meet transitional threats and in so doing make all of our nations more secure,” he said.

    During a private session on security, leaders were expected to discuss Boko Haram, the violent Islamist group in Nigeria that was responsible for the kidnapping of more than 200 schoolgirls earlier this year. Some have escaped and returned home, but most remain captive.

    As Obama participated in summit meetings, his wife convened a gathering of African first ladies, talking about investments in education, health and economic development. She was joined by Laura Bush, reprising an event the two American first ladies held last summer in Tanzania.

    Calling Africa “an underappreciated continent,” Mrs. Obama said it was incumbent upon the world to develop a better understanding of what it has to offer.

    “This is the beginning of a lot of work that needs to be done,” she said.

    Mrs. Obama and Mrs. Bush also focused on the need to educate girls. Mrs. Obama noted that 30 million girls in sub-Saharan Africa do not attend school.
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